Islamic Calendar 2018
Islamic Calendar 2018, also called Muslim or Hijri Calendar 2018, has listed the dates of all important Muslim holidays that are celebrated by Islamic countries and Muslims worldwide. The calendar can be used for religious purposes as well as for planning an event or ceremony. Read this article to know more about all festivals and fasts in details.
Islam is the fastest growing and the second largest religion of the world. It believes in only one God (Allah) who is unique, forgiving and almighty. It also believes that Allah has guided the humanity through prophets (Muhammad), scriptures (Quran) and natural signs (Ayah). Every year people of Islam celebrate certain fasts and festivals to show their gratitude and to seek blessings of Allah. These events or holidays are planned as per Hijri calendar. This year as well, AstroSage has brought Islamic Calendar 2018 which includes dates of all important Muslim holidays to help you organize your plans better.
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Take a look at the table given below to know about all Islamic holidays. You can also correlate it with Gregorian Dates 2018 to understand better.
|Holidays||Hijri/Islamic Date||Gregorian Date|
|Islamic New Year||1 Muḥarram 1438||September 21, 2017|
|Ashura||10 Muḥarram 1438||September 30, 2017|
|Arba'een||20 or 21 Ṣafar 1438||November 9, 2017|
|Eid-e-Shuja (Eid-e-Zahra)||9 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1438||November 27, 2017|
|Mawlid an-Nabī (Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday)||12 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1438 (Sunni) 17 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1438 (Shia)||November 30, 2017 December 5, 2017|
|Birthday of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib||13 Rajab 1439||March 30, 2018|
|Laylat al-Mi'raj (Israk Mikraj)||27 Rajab 1439||April 13, 2018|
|Laylat al-Bara'at||15 Sha‘bān 1439||May 1, 2018|
|Birthday of Muhammad al-Mahdī||15 Sha‘bān 1439||May 1, 2018|
|First day of Ramaḍān||1 Ramaḍān 1439||May 16, 2018|
|Laylat al-Qadr||19, 21, 23, 25, 27, or 29 Ramaḍān 1439||Between June 3, 2018 and June 13, 2018|
|Chaand Raat||29 or 30 Ramaḍān 1439||June 14, 2018|
|Eid al-Fitr||1 Shawwāl 1439||June 15, 2018|
|Hajj||8–13 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1439||August 19–24, 2018|
|Day of Arafah||9 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1439||August 20, 2018|
|Eid al-Adha||10 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1439||August 21, 2018|
|Eid al-Ghadeer||18 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1439||August 29, 2018|
|Eid al-Mubahalah||24 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1439||September 4, 2018|
Note: Islamic Calendar is established on the basis of the display or movement of moon. The year 2018, also known as 1439 AH (AH - After Hegira and H - Hijra) in Islamic year, is approximately from 21 September 2017 to 10 September 2018. These Islamic dates may vary according to the change in geographic location of the two or more places/cities/countries.
History Behind Islamic Calendar
The Muslim or Hijri Calendar 1439 is a lunar calendar that consists of 12 months (354 or 355 days) in a year. The months and dates are determined on the basis of movement of the Moon. The beginning of the new Islamic year starts with first day of Muharram. In similar manner, the beginning of each month is determined by the visibility of a new moon (crescent moon or Hilal) shortly after sunset. Muslims in India and other countries use Hijri Calendar to determine the dates of holidays, rituals and fasts such as annual fasting period of Ramadan and the period of pilgrimage to Mecca. These are also the time for people to appease Allah, purify their souls and absolve all sins.
In this regard, our Islamic Calendar 2018 provide the right and accurate information about dates and holidays that one can correlate to plan their various events.
Festivals and Fasts - Auspicious Events to Appease Allah
There are specific festivals in Islam that are considered highly sacred and are celebrated zealously by Muslims. Ramadan 2018, or the period of Ramzan, is the ninth month in Islamic Calendar. This is the most holy month in which Muslims in India and worldwide perform fasts (Sawm). It is a means for them to gain compassion towards needy and deprived, self-control from worldly desires and to deepen their faith in Allah. This year, the fasting period of Ramadan will start from May 16 as per Gregorian Calendar and will end on June 14. During this 30 days period, Muslims are abstained from eating and drinking during daylight hours and offer charity (Zakat) to the poor and needy. Next day, i.e. on June 15, Eid Al-Fitr will be celebrated. On this day, they wear new clothes and offer their gratitude to Allah for giving them good and prosperous lives.
Another event called Eid Al-Adha is also another big festival for Islamic people which is celebrated on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah (August 21), and lasts for 4 days. On this occasion, Muslims sacrifice sheep to Allah and distribute its meat in 3 parts - one third to the needy and poor, another third is given to friends, relatives and neighbours and rest is retained by the family. The festival is celebrated with lots of happiness and merriment and even non-muslim friends and colleagues are invited to join them in their celebrations.
Other than these, festivals like Laylat al-Bara'at, Ashura, Rabi Ul Awwal, etc are celebrated devotedly. Islamic Calendar is followed principally by the Muslims all over the world and the gulf countries like Saudi Arabia.
Thus, the festivals and fasts in Islamic Religion is a means for people to prosper and to fulfill their wishes for a great and happy life. Furthermore, Muslims consult Islamic Calendar for religious and ceremonial purposes like marriage, naming ceremony for babies, etc, though Gregorian calendar is still exploited for purposes like agriculture, trade and commerce.
Our Islamic Calendar 2018 has provided the most accurate information related to Hijri date. One can refer to this calendar to know the important dates and festivals to celebrate them with their friends and family. We wish that year 1439 AH (2018) brings prosperity, great health, happiness and success in your life.