Jain Calendar 2021: Jain Holidays 2021 Dates & Festivals
Jain Calendar 2021 consists of a list of many important Jain festivals 2021, which are a part of the Jain religion and culture. Traditionally known as Jain Dharma, Jainism is quite popular as one of the most peaceful religions of the world. Jainism is an ancient religion from India that teaches that the way to liberation and bliss is to live lives of harmlessness and renunciation.
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The essence of Jainism is concern for the welfare of every being in the universe and for the health of the universe itself. The following are the five main principles which are associated with Jainsim :-
- Ahimsa (non-violence)
- Asteya or Acharya (not stealing),
- Satya (not lying),
- Aparigraha (non-materialism) and
- Brahmacharya (celibacy)
In this article describing Jain festivals 2021, we will be talking about those events with regards to Jain Calendar 2021, which are performed with intention of purification of soul or in association with the Tirthankaras. So, along with giving away the Jain Calendar 2021, we will discuss in detail in the upcoming sections of this article, the names of those festivals and fasts which are quite dear and important to the followers of Jain religion and culture.
Jainism as a religion came into prominence during the same time when Buddhism did, i.e. somewhere in between the 6th and 4th centuries BC. Today, we can talk about the prevalence of some 5 million Jains. Although, it should also be kept in mind that some Jains are counted as Hindus. But this doesn’t mean that they don't follow the Jain religious festivals, rituals and traditions.
Naturally, there is an existence of quite a lot of Jain festivals and events which are a part of the Jain religion and culture. Let us now move ahead to find out which festivals and events are those, which have made it to the list of Jain Calendar 2021.
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Jain Calendar 2021 Dates: List Of Jain Holidays 2021
First and foremost, let us go through the Table containing the Jain festivals 2021 dates.
|Rohini Vrat||January 24, 2021||Sunday|
|Meru Trayodashi||February 9 , 2021||Tuesday|
|Rohini Vrat||February 20,2021||Saturday|
|Phalguna Ashtanika Begins||March 20,2021||Saturday|
|Phalguna Chaumasi Chaudas||March 27,2021||Saturday|
|Phalguna Ashtahnika Ends||March 28,2021||Sunday|
|Varshitapa Arambha||April 4,2021||Sunday|
|Rohini Vrat||April 16 ,2021||Friday|
|Chitra Navapada Oli Begins||April 19 ,2021||Monday|
|Mahavir Swami Jayanti||April 25 ,2021||Sunday|
|Chitra Navapada Oli Ends||April 27,2021||Tuesday|
|Rohini Vrat||May 13 ,2021||Thursday|
|Varshitapa Parana||May 14 ,2021||Friday|
|Mahavir Swami Kevalgyan||May 22,2021||Saturday|
|Rohini Vrat||June 10, 2021||Thursday|
|Rohini Vrat||July 7, 2021||Wednesday|
|Ashada Ashtanika Begins||July 16 ,2021||Friday|
|Ashada Chaumasi Chaudas||July 23, 2021||Friday|
|Ashada Ashtahnika Ends||July 24,2021||Saturday|
|Rohini Vrat||August 3,2021||Tuesday|
|Rohini Vrat||August 31,2021||Tuesday|
|Paryushan Parvarambha||September 4 ,2021||Saturday|
|Samvatsari Parva||September 11,2021||Saturday|
|Rohini Vrat||September 27 ,2021||Monday|
|Ashwina Navapada Oli Begins||October 12,2021||Tuesday|
|Ashwina Navapada Oli Ends||October 20,2021||Wednesday|
|Rohini Vrat||October 24,2021||Sunday|
|Lakshmi Puja||November 4,2021||Thursday|
|Gujarat New year||November 5,2021||Friday|
|Labh Panchami||November 9,2021||Tuesday|
|Kartika Ashtanika Begins||November 11,2021||Thursday|
|Kartika Chaumasi Chaudas||November 18,2021||Thursday|
|Kartika Ashtahnika Ends||November 19,2021||Friday|
|Kartika Rath Yatra||November 19,2021||Friday|
|Rohini Vrat||November 20,2021||Saturday|
|Rohini Vrat||December 18 ,2021||Saturday|
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After going through this list of festivals and holidays in Jain Calendar 2021, let us now finally take a detailed look at these important Jain festivals and observances in 2021.
2021 Jain Calendar: List Of Jain Holidays in 2021
- Rohini Vrat - In the list of Jain festivals 2021, Rohini Vrat occupies the topmost position. It is one of the most popular fasts to be observed by the folks who happen to follow the Jain religion and culture. It is observed after 27 days, when the Rohini Nakshatra rises. People observe this fast by duly following all the necessary rites and rituals.
- Meru Trayodashi - The 2021 Jain Calendar for India states that Meru Trayodashi would be the second festival, which will be celebrated after the Rohini Vrat. It is observed in memoriam of the famous Jain saint, Rishav Dev, the one who acquired salvation/Nirvana on this day. This is the reason why Meru Trayodashi is also known as ‘Nirvana Kalyanaka of Rushabha Dev’.
- Phalguna Ashtahnika Begins - Ashtahnika is one of the most important Jain festivals to get registered under the 2021 Jain Calendar. Talking about its roots, it is also one of the oldest festivals to get ever mentioned in Jain religion and culture. The word Ashta means eight and Aanika stands for ‘every day’. Those who are not aware, this festival is celebrated during the months of Aashad, Phalgun, and Karthika. It lasts for eight days till the Purnima or the full moon day. When the festival falls in the months of Aashad and Phalguna, then the ritual is known as Nandishwar Ashtahnika.
- Phalguna Chaumasi Chaudas - In the list of Jain calendar 2021, this festival also occupies a significant position. Considered to have great significance for the followers of Jainism, this festival is dedicated to celebrate the manifestation of Ahimsa or nonviolence which happens to be the primary teaching of Jainism. The Chaturmas period usually refers to a four month long time frame which begins during Ashadi Purnima and ends during the Kartik Purnima. It is usually in between these months that the Chaumasi chaudas festival is celebrated.
- Phalguna Ashtahnika Ends - Just like the beginning of Phalguna Ashtahnika happens to be an important festival for the Jains, in the same manner, the ending of Phalguna Ashtahnika is also celebrated with equal joy and fervour.
- Varshitapa Arambha - It is a yearly ritual of the Jain community. Varshitaap Arambha is celebrated annually after a period of about 13 months and 13 days. Varshitaap Arambha begins on the eighth day of the darker fortnight (Krishna Paksha) during the month of Chaitra. It is concluded on the Akshaya Tritiya of the next year.
- Chaitra Navapada Oli Begins - This festival arrives twice a year and lasts for nine Days altogether. Out of the two Navapada Olis, this one arrives in the month of Ashwin while the other during the month of Chaitra. Extreme penance and austerity is performed during these particular nine days.
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- Mahavir Swami Jayanti - The festival of Mahavir Jayanti does not need any special introduction. It is the birth anniversary of the 24th and the last Tirthankara for the followers of Jain religion and culture, Lord Mahavir. Given the special pedestal he is kept on by the followers of this particular religion, it is not difficult to imagine how grand the celebrations of Mahavir Jayanti takes place.
- Varshitap Parana - Another observance in the list of 2021 Jain Calendar, is the Varshitaap Parana which begins during the month of Chaitra and gets duly concluded with the Parana of Akshaya Tritiya, the holy festival.
- Mahavira Swami Kevalagyan - The Mahavir Swami kevalgyan is another important occurrence in the list of Jain calendar 2021. It is believed that Lord Mahavir acquired the supreme knowledge of kevala Gyan on this very day. And it is considered to be quite sacred and significant by the followers of Jain religion and culture.
- Ashada Ashtahnika Begins - Ashtahnika, is mentioned as one of the few specials of Jain Holidays 2021. The observance takes place during these three months of Aashad, Phalgun, and Karthika. It gets concluded on the Purnima or the full moon day of that particular month. Just like the Ashada Ashtahnika, the Chaumasi Chaudas and the Ashada Ashtahnika ending ceremony are also special mentions in the list of Jain Calendar 2021.
- Paryushan Parvarambha - In the list of Jain Holidays 2021, Paryushan Parva Ramba is regarded as a special occasion because this is the day when all the followers of Jain religion and culture decide to dedicate their lives for the purification of their respective souls. The ultimate goal then becomes salvation. This festival lasts for eight days for the followers of the Svetambara Sect and 10 days for the followers of the Digambara sect.
- Samvatsari Parva - The last day of Paryushsan happens to be Samvatsari Parva. It is celebrated quite joyously to bid adieu to the Paryushan Parva.
- Navapada Oli: The Navapada Oli also begins during the month Ashwin, which is why it's beginning and ending is considered to be quite important entries in the 2021 Jain Calendar.
- Lakshmi Puja- Lakshmi Puja needs no special introduction. Dedicated auspiciously to Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, this day is celebrated with great joy and fervour.
- Gujarati New Year - The Gujrati New year is also a joyous entry in the list of Jain festivals 2021. This year, it will be celebrated on November 5, 2021.
- Labh Panchami - Jain Festivals 2021 also includes Labh Panchami 2021, which is celebrated to bid adieu to Diwali. Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are extensively worshipped on this day.
- Kartika Rath Yatra - Last one to be included in the list of Jain Holidays 2021 is Kartik Rath Yatra, which is celebrated during the month of Kartik.
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