Islamic Calendar 2023

Islamic Calendar 2023: Islamic Festivals 2023

Islamic Calendar 2023 is a special blog by AstroSage. Here, you will get detailed information about Muslim Holidays and Festivals to come in 2023. Let’s move ahead and see what the Islamic Calendar 2023 has special for the readers out there.

Before we start with the important dates for Islamic festivals as per the Islamic Calendar 2023, it is important to know that 24.9% of the world’s total population have followers of Islam, which makes it the world’s 2nd largest religion. There are two groups of Muslims-Shia and Sunni. 90% of the total Muslim population is, Sunni whereas the rest 10-15% are Shias.

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Hazrat Umar Bin Al Khattab, the 2nd Caliph of Islam introduced the concept of the Islamic Calendar to the Word. In 638 CE, it is believed that he was also one of the dearests of Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, the Islamic Calendar plays a very significant role in the world of Muslims.

To Read Islamic Holidays 2024 Click Here: Islamic Holidays 2024

यहाँ हिंदी में पढ़ें: इस्लामिक कैलेंडर 2023

There are many names given to Islamic Calendar 2023 like The Hijri Calendar, Arabic Calendar, Lunar Hijri Calendar, and Muslim Calendar. This calendar is a lunar calendar that comprises 12 lunar months in one year. These 12 Lunar months in an Islamic Calendar are as follows:

1. al-Muḥarram

2. Ṣafar

3. Rabīʿ al-ʾAwwal, Rabīʿ al-ʾŪlā

4. Rabīʿ ath-Thānī, Rabīʿ al-ʾĀkhir

5. Jumādā al-ʾAwwal, Jumadā al-ʾŪlā

6. Jumādā ath-Thāniyah, Jumādā al-ʾĀkhirah

7. Rajab

8. Shaʿbān

9. Ramaḍān

10. Shawwāl

11. Zū al-Qaʿdah

12. Zū al-Ḥijjah

Listed Muslim Holidays In 2023 As Per Hijri Calendar 2023 (1443-1444 AH)

With the help of Islamic Calendar 2023, you get the exact dates of Muslim Holidays that are coming in the year 2023. Not only this, but you can also get the dates for important events such as the annual fasting period and the correct Hajj timings. Let's understand which events, holidays, and festivals have made it to the list of Islamic Calendar 2023.

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Event Hijri Date Day Gregorian Date
Start of Jumada al-Akhirah 13 Jumada al-Akhirah 1444 AH Friday 06 January 2023
Start of Rajab (Sacred month) 1 Rajab 1444 AH Monday 23 January 2023
Isra' Mi'raj 27 Rajab 1444 AH Saturday 18 February 2023
Start of Sha'ban 1 Sha'ban 1444 AH Tuesday 21 February 2023
Nisfu Sha'ban 15 Sha'ban 1444 AH Tuesday 07 March 2023
Start of Ramadan 1 Ramadan 1444 AH Thursday 23 March 2023
Start of Fasting Ramadan 1 Ramadan 1444 AH Thursday 23 March 2023
Nuzul-al Qur'an 17 Ramadan 1444 AH Saturday 08 April 2023
Laylat al-Qadr 27 Ramadan 1444 AH Tuesday 18 April 2023
Start of Shawwal 1 Shawwal 1444 AH Friday 21 April 2023
Eid ul-Fitr 1 Shawwal 1444 AH Friday 21 April 2023
Start of Dhul-Qa'dah (Sacred month) 1 Dhul-Qa'dah 1444 AH Sunday 21 May 2023
Start of Dhul-Hijjah (Sacred month) 1 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH Monday 19 June 2023
Wuquf in 'Arafa (Hajj) 9 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH Tuesday 27 June 2023
Eid ul-Adha 10 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH Wednesday 28 June 2023
Days of Tashriq 11, 12, 13 Dhul-Hijjah 1444 AH Thursday 29 June 2023
Start of Muharram (Sacred month) 1 Muharram 1445 AH Wednesday 19 July 2023
Islamic New Year 1 Muharram 1445 AH Wednesday 19 July 2023
Fasting 'Ashura 10 Muharram 1445 AH Friday 28 July 2023
Start of Safar 1 Safar 1445 AH Friday 18 August 2023
Start of Rabi' al-Awwal 1 Rabi' al-Awwal 1445 AH Sunday 17 September 2023
Mawlid (Birth) of the Prophet 12 Rabi' al-Awwal 1445 AH Thursday 28 September 2023
Start of Rabi' ath-Thani 1 Rabi' ath-Thani 1445 AH Monday 16 October 2023
Start of Jumada al-Ula 1 Jumada al-Ula 1445 AH Wednesday 15 November 2023
Start of Jumada al-Akhirah 1 Jumada al-Akhirah 1445 AH Thursday 14 December 2023

Why Islamic/Hijri Calendar 2023 Important?

Some of you might not know that the Islamic Calendar 2023 is shorter than the western solar calendar by 10-11 days. The Islamic calendar is based on the lunar calendar which is 354-355 days annually. The foundation of the lunar month is the time taken by the moon to complete one circle in the orbit around the earth, the time duration of this is 29 days. There are many ways in which Muslims can get the Islamic calendar (Lunar).

Unlike the Solar year, there are many dates in the Islamic calendar that are not definite every year, such as Hajj and Ramadan.

These dates are not fixed due to many things such as climate, season, and natural factors that keep on changing every year. So, if people want to worship with all the right rituals, in different time frames then the Islamic calendar helps them. All the muslin friends might know that the moon indicates the beginning of a new lunar month, and it becomes easy for the devotees to look at the moon and calculate the beginning of a new month. Most ancient civilizations like Jews, Greeks, Hindus, and Chinese used this system to calculate the month.

Islamic Calendar 2023- Days of the Week

The days in the Islamic calendar 2023 begin at the sunset. On Friday, all the Muslims gather in the mosques and offer namaz, this day is known as “Gathering day. According to the Lunar calendar, this day is considered to be the start of the day. This is the reason why many Muslim nations such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt observe fast on Fridays and Saturdays or Thursdays and Fridays as their weekends. Here are some important Islamic days along with their details:

No. Name Meaning Solar Day starting at 12:00 am
1 al-ʾAḥad the One Sunday
2 al-Ithnayn the Second Monday
3 ath-Thulāthāʾ the Third Tuesday
4 al-ʾArbiʿāʾ the Fourth Wednesday
5 al-Khamīs The Fifth Thursday
6 al-Jumʿah The Sixth Friday
7 al-Jumʿah the Seventh Saturday

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Prominent Islamic Holidays in 2023

Here is a brief description of Muslim Holidays 2023

Al-Hijra/ Muharram

As per the Islamic Calendar 2023, this day begins at the sunset of the previous day and the observance of this day will begin from the sunset of 19 July 2023

Mawlid al-Nabi

Mawlid al-Nabi comes on the same day according to the Islamic Calendar 2023. However, the date based on the Gregorian calendar changes every year. It is because the Islamic calendar is lunar, while the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar.


The month of Ramadan is observed by Muslims in the 9th month of the Islamic calendar 2023. Out of the 5 pillars of Islam, observing fast during Ramadan is one of the most crucial pillars.

Eid al-Fitr

This celebration is also known as the festival of breaking the fast, this is a prominent religious holiday celebrated by the Muslim community. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the month of Ramadan according to the Islamic Calendar 2023.

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha means “Feast of the Sacrifice”. It is one of the most significant Islamic holidays, the other being Eid- al-Fitr. According to the Islamic Calendar 2023, this day is observed on Dhu al-Hijjah’s 10th day, and its celebration lasts for 4 days.


Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram and marks the zenith of the remembrance of Muharram. In many countries including India, Ashura is observed as a national holiday.

Laylat al-Qadr

Laylat al-Qadr is known to be the Night of Power. As per the Islamic Calendar 2023, this day is widely observed by the Muslims as the night when Quran was sent down from heaven and when Prophet Muhammad was introduced to the first verses of the Quran.

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We hope that the Islamic Calendar 2023 by AstroSage helps you in planning your special events and festivals. Thanks for connecting!

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