Buddhist Holidays 2023

Buddhist Holidays 2023: One of the world’s largest religions that originated over 2500 years ago, Buddhism, is said to be the most peace-loving, enlightening, and spiritual religion in India. There are many special or auspicious days in Buddhism, some festivals, celebrations, and holidays. With this article by AstroSage, we will learn about these festivals and holidays of Buddhism in 2023. Along with the list, we will learn about the detailed information, date, and the significance of each festival.

Buddhist Holidays 2023

To Read Buddhist Holidays 2024 Click Here: Buddhist Holidays 2024

यहाँ हिंदी में पढ़ें: बौद्ध त्यौहार 2023

So without further ado, let us start learning about the Buddhist Calendar 2023!

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Buddhist Calendar 2023

Buddhism is a philosophy more than a religion based on the Shramana tradition. The word ‘Shramana’ is derived from the word ‘Shram’ ('श्रम'), which means effort and hard work. It was founded by Mahatma Buddha Shakyamuni (Gautam Buddha). It is believed that according to Hindu Calendar, Gautam Buddha was born on the Purnima tithi of the month of Baisakh, and lived from 563 BCE to 483 BCE.

Buddhism was founded before Christianity and Islam. It is the third largest religion in the world after the latter two. The Buddhist holidays 2023 hold great importance among the followers of the religion. The Buddhist Calendar 2023 is mainly followed in countries like China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Laos, Myanmar, Bhutan, and India. The people of Chinese origin living in Malaysia and Singapore also follow this calendar.

The Buddhist Calendar is a solar-lunar calendar, based on the astrological scripture Surya Siddhanta, which was invented in the third century. In simpler words, it is based on the older version of the Hindu calendar which uses the planetary year. There are a total 365.25636 SI days in a planetary year.

Different Forms Of Buddhism

In the past 2500 years, Buddhism has been evolving in different cultures of Asia and recently in the last century, it has grown in the West. As Buddhism evolved in different parts of Asia, those places adopted the elements of teachings which seemed to be parallel with their local beliefs.

Hence, Buddhism grew and developed into different forms, each with a different approach and style. But one thing that was common in every approach and styles of each form was the ideals and teachings of Lord Buddha remained at the top.

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The Noble Eightfold Path Of Lord Buddha

The followers of Lord Buddha were taught the ideals of the Eightfold Path, which helped them attain their salvation. Each of these eightfold paths have a special significance in Buddhism. Let us read about them–

  1. Rightful Vision: It means to have a rightful point of view towards others. It is the knowledge of four noble truths– The Truth of Suffering, The Truth of the Origin of Suffering, The Truth of Cessation, and The Truth of the Path– and understanding the equality of happiness and sorrow.
  2. Rightful Resolution: It is the resolution of renunciation and following the Arya path; only then we may be freed from all the sufferings and sorrows.
  3. Rightful Speech: One should be careful of what they speak, their words and tone specially. Avoid false or harsh speech, and strive to voice your truth.
  4. Rightful Action: Ensuring that one’s action does not harm the others, physically or emotionally, along with the avoidance of any act of violence, lies, misconduct, or robbery.
  5. Rightful Livelihood: To live a life by doing righteous deeds and not take more than what we need. Also avoid things that could harm others like weapons, animal flesh, drugs and poison.
  6. Rightful Effort: In Buddhism, to attain complete salvation and bliss, one should always make efforts to have good qualities and abandon the sinful and non-virtuous thoughts.
  7. Rightful Mindfulness: It teaches to remain mindful of your deeds. In simpler words, it means to be aware of your surroundings and what you are doing.

There are four forms of mindfulness–

  • Kayanu Pashyana, which means to be aware of the consciousness and movement of one’s body
  • Vedanu Pashyana, to be mindful of feelings like pain and pleasure
  • Chitanu Pasyana, meaning to recognize the aversion and attachment of the mind
  • Dharmanu Pasyana, to understand the movements of one’s body, speech, and mind
  1. Rightful Meditation: To attain a healthy state of mind or nirvana through meditation and concentration.

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When Is The Buddhist New Year?

The Buddhist New Year falls on the Purnima tithi of the month of April and the date keeps on changing every year. This year, the Buddhist New Year 2023 will be celebrated on April 6th. In the countries following the Theravada sect, the new year is celebrated for three consecutive days. Countries like Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Laos celebrate the new years like a festival with great excitement.

Buddhist Calendar 2023: The Festivals And Important Events

The Buddhist Holidays 2023 have a special significance in Buddhism.

Date Day Festival
January 7th, 2023 Saturday Mahayana New Year
January 22nd, 2023 Sunday Chinese New year
February 15th, 2023 Wednesday Nirvana Day
March 6th, 2023 Monday Magha Puja Day
April 6th, 2023 Thursday Theravada New Year
May 19th,2023 Friday Baisakh-Buddha Day
July 3rd, 2023 Monday Asla-Religion Day
August 13th, 2023 Sunday Oboni
December 8th, 2023 Friday Bodhi day

Mahayana New Year

The Mahayana New Year is celebrated in countries that follow Mahayana Buddhism. Some Mahayana Buddhists celebrate new years on December 31st or January 1st, while some celebrate it on the first Purnima tithi of January every year.

Mahayana is the biggest subcategory of Buddhism. The followers of Mahayana Buddhism believe that one can achieve enlightenment in their present life. They believe that knowledge can be attained by normal people as well, not only by the monks. The first goal of this religion should always be to help others, commit good deeds, and follow the teachings of Buddhism.

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Chinese New Year

The Chinese New Year is usually celebrated as the Spring (वसंत) festival. It is observed as per the traditional Chinese lunar-solar calendar, and is celebrated all over China with great enthusiasm in the evening of the new year’s day. People commemorate this day by cooking different and unique dishes with their families.

Nirvana Day

Nirvana Day is a Mahayana Buddhist holiday, observed in the countries of Eastern Asia, Philippines, and Vietnam. Some people celebrate it on February 8th, however, most people celebrate this day on February 15th. In Bhutan, Nirvana Day is observed on the fifteenth day of the fourth month of the Bhutanese calendar. It is believed that Lord Buddha passed away on this day, and hence this Buddhist Holiday 2023 is celebrated in remembrance of Lord Buddha.

Magha Puja Day

The Magha Puja Day is observed on the third day of the lunar month of March and is the most significant Buddhist holiday. It is also known as the Quadruple Event or Union Day. On the Magha Puja, the followers of Buddhism come together and meditate, as well as talk about his teachings. There are gifts exchanged and oil lamps are lit up.

Theravada New Year

The word ‘Theravada’ means ‘the talk of the best.’ Theravada New Year is one of the most important Buddhist holidays 2023, which is celebrated for three days. The celebration of this festival starts on the first Purnima of the month of April. We have already discussed most of the details about this festival above.

Baisakh-Buddha Day

This day is celebrated on the Buddha Purnima, the day Lord Buddha was born. This is one of the promonet Buddhist holidays 2023 that falls usually towards the end of May or the start of June. However, its date keeps on changing.

Asla-Religion Day

Asla-Religion day is one of the most important and pious holidays of Buddhism, observed to celebrate the first teachings of Lord Buddha. Asla Puja was started around 2500 years ago, when Lord Buddha started his journey as a teacher. On this day, Siddhartha Gautam took his first teachings towards becoming Buddha.

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For the peace of their ancestor’s souls, the Japanese Buddhist Community celebrates Oboni together with their entire family. On this Buddhist Holidays 2023, people visit the graves of the ones they lost, clean them, and keep their favorite dishes near their grave. Oboni is observed for three consecutive days.

Bodhi Day

Lord Buddha attained his knowledge on Bodh Day. This is one of the important Buddhist Holidays 2023 and is celebrated at an international level with different names, where the followers of Buddhism chant a mantra and meditate. People prepare different kinds of food items and dishes. This Buddhist Holiday is celebrated every year on 8th December, to commemorate the enlightenment of Lord Buddha on this day!

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