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Islamic Calendar 2022: Islamic Festivals 2022

Islamic Calendar 2022: List of Islamic Holidays in 2022 by AstroSage gives a detailed account of Muslim Holidays and Festivals in 2022. Let us go ahead and see what the Islamic Calendar 2022 has in store for our readers.

Islamic Calendar 2022

24.9% of the total world’s population consists of followers of Islam, making it the world’s second-largest religion. There are two sects among the Muslims- Shia and Sunni. While Sunni comprises 85-90% of the total Muslim population, Shia stands at a mere 10-15%. The second Caliph of Islam, Hazrat Umar bin Al Khattab introduced the Islamic calendar to the world. He was also one of the closest associates of Prophet Muhammad, in 638 CE. The Islamic calendar is a very crucial part of the Muslim world.

The Islamic calendar is known by different names worldwide like the Hijri calendar, Lunar Hijri calendar, Muslim calendar, and Arabic calendar. It is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year. The 12 lunar months of an Islamic calendar are-

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1. al-Muḥarram

2. Ṣafar

3. Rabīʿ al-ʾAwwal, Rabīʿ al-ʾŪlā

4. Rabīʿ ath-Thānī, Rabīʿ al-ʾĀkhir

5. Jumādā al-ʾAwwal, Jumadā al-ʾŪlā

6. Jumādā ath-Thāniyah, Jumādā al-ʾĀkhirah

7. Rajab

8. Shaʿbān

9. Ramaḍān

10. Shawwāl

11. Zū al-Qaʿdah

12. Zū al-Ḥijjah

Muslim Holidays In 2022 As Per Hijri Calendar 2022 (1443-1444 AH)

The Islamic calendar 2022 helps to determine the exact dates of Muslim Holidays 2022, along with important events like the annual fasting period and the right time for the Hajj. Let’s see which events, holidays, and festivals made it to the list of Islamic or Hijri Calendar 2022.

Event Hijri Date Gregorian Date
Start of Jumada al-Akhirah 1 Jumada al-Akhirah 1443 AH 04 January 2022
Start of Rajab (Sacred month) 1 Rajab 1443 AH 02 February 2022
Isra' Mi'raj 27 Rajab 1443 AH 28 February 2022
Start of Sha'ban 1 Sha'ban 1443 AH 02 February 2022
Nisfu Sha'ban 15 Sha'ban 1443 AH 18 March 2022
Start of Ramadan 1 Ramadan 1443 AH 03 April 2022
Start of Fasting Ramadan 1 Ramadan 1443 AH 03 April 2022
Nuzul-al Qur'an 17 Ramadan 1443 AH 19 April 2022
Laylat al-Qadr 27 Ramadan 1443 AH 29 April 2022
Start of Shawwal 1 Shawwal 1443 AH 02 May 2022
Eid ul-Fitr 1 Shawwal 1443 AH 02 May 2022
Start of Dhul-Qa'dah (Sacred month) 1 Dhul-Qa'dah 1443 AH 01 June 2022
Start of Dhul-Hijjah (Sacred month) 1 Dhul-Hijjah 1443 AH 30 June 2022
Wuquf in 'Arafa (Hajj) 9 Dhul-Hijjah 1443 AH 08 July 2022
Eid ul-Adha 10 Dhul-Hijjah 1443 AH 09 July 2022
Days of Tashriq 11, 12, 13 Dhul-Hijjah 1443 AH 10 July 2022
Start of Muharram (Sacred month) 1 Muharram 1444 AH 30 July 2022
Islamic New Year 1 Muharram 1444 AH 30 July 2022
Fasting 'Ashura 10 Muharram 1444 AH 08 August 2022
Start of Safar 1 Safar 1444 AH 29 August 2022
Start of Rabi' al-Awwal 1 Rabi' al-Awwal 1444 AH 27 September 2022
Mawlid (Birth) of the Prophet 12 Rabi' al-Awwal 1444 AH 08 October 2022
Start of Rabi' ath-Thani 1 Rabi' ath-Thani 1444 AH 27 October 2022
Start of Jumada al-Ula 1 Jumada al-Ula 1444 AH 25 November 2022
Start of Jumada al-Akhirah 1 Jumada al-Akhirah 1444 AH 25 December 2022

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Islamic/Hijri Calendar in 2022- Significance

The Islamic calendar is shorter than the western solar calendar by 10-11 days. It is based on the lunar calendar which has 354-355 days annually. The foundation of the lunar month is the time taken by the moon to complete one orbit around the earth, which is just over 29 days. There are numerous ways in which Muslims benefit from the Islamic (lunar) calendar.

Unlike the Solar Year, many dates in the Islamic calendar are not definite and rotate every year, like that of Hajj and Ramadan. These dates are not fixed because the climate, season, and other natural factors keep on changing every month of every year. So to help people perform the act of worship in the right conditions, in different lengths of hours, the lunar calendar is used. Since the new moon marks the commencement of a new lunar month, it becomes easier for the devotees to look at the moon and know that a new month has started. Most ancient civilizations like the Jews, Greeks, Chinese, Hindus, and many more have used this system.

Islamic Calendar- Days of the Week

The days according to the 2022 Islamic calendar begin at sunset. On a Thursday evening, all the Muslims gather at Mosques for offering prayers. It is known as a “gathering day”, which according to the lunar calendar marks the start of the day. This is the reason why many Muslim nations like Saudi Arabia and Egypt observe Friday and Saturday, or Thursday and Friday as official weekends. Below is a table detailing Islamic Days in 2022:

No. Name Meaning Solar Day starting at 12:00 am
1 al-ʾAḥad the One Sunday
2 al-Ithnayn the Second Monday
3 ath-Thulāthāʾ the Third Tuesday
4 al-ʾArbiʿāʾ the Fourth Wednesday
5 al-Khamīs the Fifth Thursday
6 al-Jumʿah the Gathering Friday
7 as-Sabt the Seventh Saturday

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Prominent Islamic Holidays in 2022

Here are some notable Muslim Holidays 2022 to watch out for are

Al-Hijra/ Muharram

As mentioned before, a holiday in a Hijri calendar 2022 begins at the sunset of the previous day, therefore, the observance of Al-Hijra/ Muharram will start at the sunset of 29th July.

Mawlid al-Nabi

Mawlid al-Nabi falls on the same day according to the 2022 Hijri calendar. However, the date based on the Gregorian calendar varies every year. It is because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, while the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar.

Ramadan

The month of Ramadan is observed by the Muslim community in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar in 2022. Out of the five pillars of Islam, fasting during Ramadan is one of the most crucial pillars.

Eid al-Fitr

Also known as the festival of breaking the fast, this is a prominent religious holiday celebrated by the Muslim community. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the month of Ramadan.

Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha means “Feast of the Sacrifice”. It is one of the two most significant Islamic holidays, the other being Eid- al-Fitr. According to the Muslim calendar 2022, this day is observed on Dhu al-Hijjah’s 10th day, and its celebration lasts for four days.

Ashura

Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram and marks the culmination of the remembrance of Muharram. In many countries including, India, Ashura is observed as a national holiday.

Laylat al-Qadr

Laylat al-Qadr translated to the Night of Power in English. This day is widely observed by the Muslim community as the night when Quran was sent down from heaven and when Prophet Muhammad was introduced to the first verses of the Quran.

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We hope that the Islamic Calendar 2022 by AstroSage helps you in planning your special events and festivals. Thanks for connecting!

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