Grahan 2017 (Eclipse)
Grahan is a natural phenomenon that is characterized by the obscurement of a celestial body by another celestial body or its shadow. It is known as an Eclipse in English. A Grahan occurs during a Syzygy in which three celestial bodies are aligned in a straight line, thereby casting their shadows on one another.
Classification of Grahan
Grahan or Eclipse has been classified into two categories, Surya Grahan (Solar Eclipse) and Chandra Grahan (Lunar Eclipse), on the basis of the celestial body being the object of obstruction. They are described as follows:
Surya Grahan (Solar Eclipse)
Chandra Grahan (Lunar Eclipse)
When the Moon comes between the Earth and the Sun, it casts its shadow on the Sun, blocking its light and visibility from the Earth. This is known as Surya Grahan. It is also called as Suraj Grahan in few regions.
When the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon, it blocks the sunlight from reaching the Moon and casts a shadow over the Moon, leading to the occurrence of what is known as Chandra Grahan.
Types of Grahan
On the basis of how much area of a celestial body is obstructed during the Grahan, it is further categorized into:
Purna Surya Grahan (Total Solar Eclipse)
Anshik Surya Grahan (Partial Solar Eclipse)
Valyakar Surya Grahan (Annular Solar Eclipse)
Purna Chandra Grahan (Total Lunar Eclipse)
Anshika Chandra Grahan (Partial Lunar Eclipse)
Upchhaya Chandra Grahan (Penumbral Lunar Eclipse)
It occurs when the Moon completely covers the Sun.
It occurs when the Moon partially covers the Sun.
It occurs when the moon covers the centre of the Sun, leaving a ring (annulus) of sunlight around it, and hence the name Annular Solar Eclipse.
It occurs when the Earth completely covers the Moon.
It occurs when the Earth partially covers the Moon.
It occurs when the moon falls in the vicinity of Earth’s penumbra. Penumbral Lunar Eclipse is not an actual lunar eclipse as the Moon is not covered by the Earth’s shadow, but by the outer part of the Earth’s shadow (Penumbra).
Dates of Grahan in 2017
In the year 2017, there will be an occurrence of 2 Surya Grahan and 2 Chandra Grahan, leading to 4 eclipses in total, which are as follows:
Surya Grahan 2017 (Solar Eclipse)
|26 February 2017||17:39 to 23:04|
|21 August 2017||21:16 to 02:34|
Both these eclipses will not be visible in India.
Chandra Grahan 2017 (Lunar Eclipse)
|11 February||04:04:14 to 08:23:25|
|07 August||22:44 to 01: 59 (mid-phase at 23:43)|
- The Lunar Eclipse 2017 on 11 February will be a Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
- The Lunar Eclipse 2017 on 07 August will be a Partial Lunar Eclipse
Legend associated with Grahan
The legend behind Grahan dates back to the day when Samundra Manthan was taking place. During the churning of the ocean, Amrit was obtained which is regarded as the nectar for granting immortality. The Devtas (Gods) and the Asuras (Demons) started fighting over it, and Lord Vishnu had to intervene. Lord Vishnu incarnated himself as Mohini (an attractive woman), made the Devtas and Asuras sit into two different lines, and started feeding Amrit to the Devtas. Suspecting that Mohini might have a trick up her sleeve, an Asura named Swarbhanu disguised himself, and stood in the line of Devtas to drink a few drops of Amrit and achieved the boon of immortality. The Sun God and the Moon God informed Lord Vishnu about the disguised Asura. Infuriated, Lord Vishnu slashed Swarbhanu with his Sudarshan Chakra, beheading him and dividing him into two halves, Rahu and Ketu respectively. When the Asuras protested against it, the head Rahu, and the torso Ketu were given the status of planets, and the licence to take their revenge on the Sun and the Moon whenever they come into proximity. Hence, Eclipses are a part of the vengeance of Rahu and Ketu, and are thus considered as a period of negative energy.
Sutak: The inauspicious period
It is believed that there is a certain period of inauspiciousness that happens to occur around the time of Lunar or Solar Eclipses. This period is known as Sutak or Ashouch. It is considered that the atmosphere gets contaminated during the Sutak period and certain things should be taken care of, in order to avoid any consequences one may encounter due to the negative effects of the Sutak.
Duration of Sutak
The time period between two sunrises is divided into 8 Prahars. Since these 8 Prahars are almost equivalent to 24 hours of the day, the time duration of One Prahar is almost 3 hours. Sutak has a number of Do’s and Don’ts associated with it. If a Grahan is visible from a place, then only Sutak comes into account, otherwise Sutak is not considered. The Sutak period for Surya Grahan is 4 prahars that lasts for about 12 hours before the Solar Eclipse. The Sutak period for Chandra Grahan is 3 prahars that lasts for about 9 hours before the Lunar Eclipse.As soon as an Eclipse ends, take a bath and end the inauspicious Sutak Kaal with it.
Things to do during Sutak:
- One should utilize this period for meditation.
- Worshipping God is considered to be beneficial.
- It is believed that exercising during this period yields fruitful results
- Lightening Clay-lamps and chanting Mantras.
- Sprinkle the Holy Ganga Jal everywhere in your house to purify it.
- Consume fresh food when the Sutak period is over.
- The food items prepared before the Sutak period which cannot be discarded, must be protected by adding Tulsi leaves to them.
Things to avoid during Sutak:
- Initiating any new task or venture should be avoided.
- Consuming food during Sutak is strictly prohibited. No one should consume anything during the twelve hour Sutak period before the Surya Grahan (Solar Eclipse) and during nine hour Sutak period before Chandra Grahan (Lunar Eclipse) till the Eclipses are over. Children, sick people and old people are exempted from this rule, and their period is limited to only 3 hours before the Eclipse.
- Avoid using any tools like knives and scissors.
- Steer clear of urination or defecation during the Sutak period.
- Though worshipping God is encouraged, touching idols should be avoided.
- Stay away from indulging in any kind of sexual activity during this inauspicious period.
- Activities like brushing teeth, combing hair, should also be avoided.
Instructions for Pregnant women
Since pregnant women are carrying another life inside them, they are more prone to the harmful effects of the Eclipses. Therefore, they should refrain from coming out and being exposed to the Eclipse as this may lead to the mutilation of the fetus, and also increase the probability of miscarriage and development of abnormalities in the fetus due to the negative energy of Rahu and Ketu. Activities like sewing, knitting, etc. should also be kept at arm’s length to avoid any problems related to childbirth.
Mantras to be chanted
Certain mantras should be chanted during the period of Eclipse to evade any kind of bad effect that may befall due to the negative effect of the Eclipse. These Mantras are given below:
Surya Grahan Or Solar Eclipse Mantra
Om Adityay Vidmahe Divakaraye Dheemahi Tanno Suryah Prachodayat ||
Chandra Grahan Or Lunar Eclipse Mantra
Om Kshirputrayay Vidmahe Amrit Tatvaaye Dheemahi Tanno Chandrah Prachodayat ||
We, here at Astrosage, sincerely hope that with our little piece of information, you will be able to know about Grahan in a better way, and do what it takes to rise above the Grahan and not let it affect your life in any negative way.